김종삼 시의 공간―집․학교․병원에 대하여
On the meaning of places in the Kim Jong-Sam's Poetry
In the poems of a poet, if the advent of unique image comes repeatedly, the image has closer relation to the spirit of the poet. The poems of Kim Jong-Sam often apply the images like house, school, and hospital. In this paper, I analyzed the characteristics of the images in the poems of Kim Jong-Sam. In his poems the image of the houses -a variety of- are in connection with the meaning of 'death'. In his poems the image of those houses are the symbol of 'grave'. For ,in many cases, there is a lonesome part of town and few folks ever has business out there and was overgrown with weeds. Kim's poetry frequently employs the image of house and has a pro-death disposition. The image of houses in Kim's poets have two particular meaning. Primarily, on the one hand, he described houses as a place of warmth and safety. On the other hand, the poet supposed there a place for pure artists. Thus, the pursuit of death means an auspiciousness for the pure artists. Another noticeable space in Kim's poets is 'school'. In the poets like [Poet School], [Auschwitz], 'school' in Lebanon and Auschwitz was the site of tragedy. The poem made a display of the thrust for pacifism. For Kim Jong-Sam, school is where, as we can find in the poem [5th grade-1st homeroom], both the poor and the disabled can bepleasant altogether with peace. Finally, the image of 'hospital' often appears in Kim's poet because of his personal history, that is, he suffered from a lengthy illness. There is, however, a very special place for this artist to describe. Almost always the sick is poor but kind persons in his poems. And also the poet says that “their fragility and beauty without limit is the reason of their illness”. He thought the patient is “not fit for this world, so, cannot help it”. Therefore, for the poet, the hospital stands for the place of “innocent people”. Kim Jong-Sam seemed like a saint towards those sick people. Until now, I epitomized the poetry of Kim Jong-Sam by classifying the images into houses, school, and hospital. Nevertheless, these images also can be considered as one thing by the network of meaning. In a broad sense, the images of school and hospital appertain to that of houses. As we saw clearly in the second chapter, the image of 'hospital' is involved with death because there is full of sick people - they are next door to death. 'School' is proposed as a symbol of peace in the poems of Kim Jong-Sam. And peace is one with death for him. This world is not adequate for the sick - “who is fragile and beautiful immeasurably” - that they might yearn for 'another world'(death). Aspiration for death and peace is at the base of Kim Jong-Sam' poems.
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