정지용 시의 내적 동인으로서 童詩
A study on the Jeong Ji-Yong's children's verse as his poetry's essence
Jeong Ji-Yong's children's verse was written in the middle of 1920's when was the time for the children's verse, Sijo(時調), and folk song all around the nation. We can find the world of folk custom in the Jeong Ji-Yong's children's verse like them in the folk song. Because he wrote the children's verse through the motives of the world of folk custom. That is, his children's verse is consisted of the essence of his childhood and that of the nation as the world of folk custom stands for the essence of his childhood and the nation. So we can't accept his children's verse only for the children. The world of his children's verse is connected with all his poetry, for example the poetry of Imagism and BaekRokDam(白鹿潭) . It is the purity as his poetry's essence that controls all his poetry from the beginning to the end. Concretely the motives of the folk custom in his children's verse are composed of the last red-ripe persimmon for the crow, his sister's wedding, the grandfather's traditional raining suit, shooting star's legend, and so on. These motives are unchangeable pure objects under the changeable living. The motif of the nature which stands for the rhetoric of the symbol world is also unchangeable pure objects as same as the folk custom. Accordingly Jeong Ji-Yong's children's verse as his poetry's essence is connected with all his poetry. As a result, Jeong Ji-Yong sang the children's verse including his personnel world of the archetype and the archetype imagination of our nation. Especially the world of the children's archetype is same as the archetype of the nation in the 1910s-1940s. I supposed that his purpose on the children's verse through the archetype imagination was for the transcendence in his, and nation's reality. Even though the archetype imagination stands for the going back to the past, which was one of the transcendental methods in the era oppressed.
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