오장환 시에 나타난 에로스적 상상력 연구
A Study of Erotic Imagination Represented in the Poems of Oh Jang-Hwan
This study analysed Oh Jang-Hwan's works on the basis of erotic imagination that could be said to be as his matrix of creative writing. It is said that critical and negative spirit made his poetic characters be more outstanding than other elements that is most of all derived from self-denial. This trait was saturated in his personality when he was very young from his experience at that time. Then this child period latent experience later reveals to him as a form of denial of being and self-critical spirit. We can see that his abysmal of self denial is emerged from the flowing of these collective unconsciousness. This consciousness of original sin reflects a self desire of returning to the lost paradise. Not only through self denial, but also through a prostitute, did the author deny the whole society. Until reaching the latter stage as a critic of self and tradition, he did not find any hope so that he needed a breakthrough due to the change of new urban culture. Urban civilization itself gave him shock and confusion. He represented a prostitute as a poetic correlatives of his poem. In the period of confucius and feudal ideology, the social discourse was dominated by the male-oriented power, whereas in the era of new influx of western culture that brought about social change and ethical corruption, the voice of female moved to rise from the invisible images to visible beings abreast some shock and confusion of materialism by giving more strong criticism towards secular urbanization. Within these changing waves, he threw a critical venom to human beings who is losing their innocence. It is his reality perception that made him leave. It was the world of harbour the writer met after his journey to aim to find something new by denying tradition. But it was not the port his desire had expected but the corrupted place. If this harbour was the medium of showing instinctive thanatopsis, the irresistible desire to escape from that was found from a mother. To the author who had both a lost country and his own self that could not help being criticized, a mother was symbolized as a substance that would never die hard even though peace and egoistic satisfaction could have any possibilities to be oppressed. Mother and hometown was interpreted as equal dimension in the writer's works. In addition, to the poet, the hometown is the starting place to recognize the reality involved with the status quo of being colonized. Therefore, the author's hometown image could not exist as a utopian space. It was nothing more than a place as a concrete living ground having a perceptive premise that the vivid life could be experienced. The hometown existed to him at first as a returning land. Furthermore, mother and hometown could be a place to him also as both the root of one's existence and a confirmation of one's identity. To him, mother could be represented as the metaphor of a fundamental life moving force, on the other hand, hometown as the synecdoche could be interpreted with the re-transformed form of mother. The author did not stay in the boundary of mother and hometown. One of unavoidable reasons was intertwined with inseparable circumstances of that period. he embodied realistic perception into the form of letters by adopting symbolic materials. We could see kind of his positive and realistic perception through water in which he endeavored to make an enlightened world: earth changed to the land of giving not only hope and courage, but also life. Through self denial and criticism, he returned to hometown. After that, he newly discovered and nurtured hope and courage not to mention life in the earth. As a result, in his poem, the returning concept could be oozed as a common motif. His will to return did not sound like resounding gong due to his realistic perception to returning will. The image of sun also transformed from the negative and dark in the early poetry to the positive ..
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