김소월의 시에서 불의 의미 - '무덤', '풀', '불'이 함께 출현하는 시를 중심으로
Meaning of a word 'Fire' from Kim So-Wol"s Works ― Focusing on his works that 'tomb', 'grass', and 'fire' are working together
This essay is to analyze 'fire' which the writer, Kim So-Wol has used with a unique importance in his works. The word 'fire' cannot be said to be a very critical word in his works only to see the frequency of its usage, because it seems as common as any other usage of this word in his quite a few works, but it is shown to be used in a very especial way in his few other works. In particular, we can point out that his works have presented the word 'fire' in an outstanding environment in the spaces of a 'tomb' or a 'ridge'. The main critical works being discussed in the essay are some of his works that include the words such as a 'tomb', a 'grass' and 'fire' coordinating in the one work such as Gold Grass(금잔디), Having Lived with my eyes closed(세상 모르고 살았노라) and Cigarette(담배). To be balanced from a viewpoint to construe that all the individual works are one and thorough art structure with a completeness and thus to separate all of each works, it is, to some extent, useful to review comprehensively usage of words, phrases and sentences that the poet has adopted in some of his works. This essay eventually intends to explain all the in dividual works's interior completeness and also their meaning, but when their meaning varies, I have referred to the same words in the similar sequences or vocabularies of the other works, so that we could search for the way to interpret all the similar phrases and expressions seen across from his various works putting them into one and consistent category. Through the discussion of the essay, let me conclude that the writer, in the works that I have selected for the essay, apparently or implicitly wishes to appose his wish of burning grasses with his desire to recover his 'nim(님, the lover)' who is already dead. In that sense, I have offered that there is a way of understanding 'the grass' as metonymy of a 'tomb' regarding the way of interpreting three respective words-a tomb, a grass and fire-as all in a consistent meaning. So the tomb, in the poem referred to death of 'nim', can be reflected to the impossible desire to recover and therefore to eliminate the tomb. This plays a role of activating each of his works by making them become more valuable and more poetic, but it gives a boundary in a sense of presenting the obsession to a dream impossible to make come true as Invoking a Soul(초혼) does.
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