「기상도」 연구 - 화자의 변화 양상을 중심으로
The Study of 「Gisangdo(Weather Chart)」 - Focusing on the Change of the Speaker
「Gisangdo(Weather Chart)」, is the long poem of 7 parts, 422 lines and the masterpiece of Kim, Kirim, completed with his ambitious plan. Kim clarified that he planned 「Gisangdo」 to capture "the complicated and much crooked modern civilization" and to write "a long poem in which the dramatic development is possible." By analysing the composition of 「Gisangdo」 and by examining the poetic consciousness represented differently in each part and the relation between each part and other poems before and after 「Gisangdo」 in the process of his poems, this study has made clear the following three facts. First, 「Gisangdo」 is divided into first half from part 1~5 and second half from part 6~7 by the location of the speaker. In the first half, the speaker located in the meteorological observatory looks out with global view and have the clear epic composition of beginning, development, crisis, climax and conclusion. The second half is similar in the point that the speaker is located on the ground, but is different in the point that the speaker in part 6 regrets his situation and position, the speaker in part 7 reveals his will and aspiration. Secondly, the speaker in part 1~5 has an aspect of cosmopolitan accusing the absurdity and contradiction of the modern civilization. His cosmopolitanism is based on the desire to leap from colonials to universal citizen of the world. The speaker of part 6 shows internal reflection but it is not originated from practical experience but from intellectual manipulation and the speaker maintain the attitude of the universal modern intellectual firmly by not revealing the self - consciousness of his being the citizen of underdeveloped country. The speaker of part 7 shows the one - sided will of the self in single - lined and monologue tone Thirdly, The attitude of internal reflection represented in part 6 is developed into the direction to express the reality of colony or the limit of intellectuals in the colonial period in 「The Sea and The Butterfly」, 「A Public Cemetery」, 「A Convalescent Hospital」, 「The Travel to Northside」 series because Kim faced with unconquerable limits as an intellectual in the colonial period. Single - lined and monologue voice of the speaker in part 7 repeated in early and later period poems and this shows that utopian imagination based on romantic dichotomy acts as one axis throughout Kim"s writing his poems. Kim reveals intention towards universal world citizen in 「Gisangdo」, Satire, internal reflection and aspiration towards the new world represented in 「Gisangdo」 is represented in a global level. But Kim himself exists as a colonial, a citizen of the underdeveloped country. In spite of Kim"s ambitious plan to capture "the complicated and much crooked modern civilization", 「Gisangdo」 reveals the limit of lacking insight into his own condition of being.
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