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『학지광』에 나타난 국혼주의와 민족형식론
National Spirit And Ethnic Formationalism Represented in Hakjikwang

여지선  
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    As a journal of every second month planned by the Korean overseas students in Japan, Hakjikwang is an omnibus magazine carrying various gentes such as thesis, fiction, play(comedy), criticism, travel sketches, miscellaneous writings, poem( including Chinese poem) and articles of fraternity. Due to its mainstay as a bulletin among overseas students in Japan, Hakjiwang could have been presupposed as having Western air and styles in appearance, but in reality, internally it reflects inner conflicts of intelligentsia at the time of whose nationality sovereignty is fading out. That inner conflicts is epitomized of patriotism as one of reactive methods to the colonizing policy in order to maintain our culture, history, language and literature. Their findings in the crucible of patriotic passion are listed like a study of Korean language, reassessment of history, excavation of cultural properties, and a literature study of Choseon dynasty. These facts can be said that the Korean overseas students in Japan did deeply recognize their own historical responsibility as an intelligential class prior to doing their own academical researches and disciplines. Until now, any discussion and evaluation of these areas or directions are mainly comprised of just focusing on the perspective of Western-oriented viewpoints that had become a primal pivot on establishing a modern literary formation. However, my study shows that the associates concerned in Hakjikwang are rooted on a mental foundation for encouraging national spirit and restoring ethnic identity to fight the situation of losing their national sovereignty. These evidences can be reflected in various areas such as language, history and over-all cultural phenomenal concerns and discussions. In addition, these intellectual patriotism is embodied in our traditional poetic styles, viz ethnic styles like Sijo, Gasa, Hansi, and Taryeungjo. Therefore, in the matter of creative writing free verse, the foot rhythm and line format are forced to be used as the elements of traditional genre. The fact that being published not in domestic, but in broad, by those overseas students who have Western atmosphere and experience in Japan speaks volumes for the students" overflowing concern and attention over our traditional styles. These phenomena also mirror that their creative inner hearts are flamed with unspeakable patriotism. Surveying the past in the stream of the history of new literature, the broad expansion of negative recognition to the tradition-severance and literature-planting theory has been existed somewhat strong, but the clue of impersonal literary recognition is derived from an improper or incorrect analysis of progression in creative writing aspects of early new literary period. For example, on the study of enlightenment Siga, the fact that so far, Changga, Shinchesi, free verse etc. have been studied within the limitation of foreign genres is one of the mistakes. Enlightenment era had been practically considered as a bloomed period of not only foreign genres but also our traditional"s such as Sijo, Gasa, Ballads and Hansi. It can be said that as the time ran, under the deep sea, the stream of our genres also ran slow and steady abreast with the foreign styles that flew on the top of the surface. Therefore it can be egregious to say that there exists only western impact derived from foreign genres. Considered just only on the angles of creative writing styles, to say tradition-severance and literature-planting theory is nothing but a useless argument because we can catch some clues from those who are staying Japan and those associates involved in Hakkjikwang which was published in Japan. They had been kept trying to solve these problems by making every efforts to maintain their national spirits and ethnic forms, even though the overseas students had been deeply imbued with western atmosphere and experience in Japan. Therefore, the value and ..


  • 주제어

    학지광 .   국혼주의 .   민족형식 .   민족 정체성 .   Hakjikwang .   National sprit .   Ethnic from .   Ethnic identity.  

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