In-Plane Mosaic Potential Growth of Large-Area 2D Layered Semiconductors MoS2–MoSe2 Lateral Heterostructures and Photodetector Application
Considering the unique layered structure and novel optoelectronic properties of individual MoS 2 and MoSe 2 , as well as the quantum coherence or donor–acceptor coupling effects between these two components, rational design and artificial growth of in-plane mosaic MoS 2 /MoSe 2 lateral heterojunctions film on conventional amorphous SiO 2 /Si substrate are in high demand. In this article, large-area, uniform, high-quality mosaic MoS 2 /MoSe 2 lateral heterojunctions film was successfully grown on SiO 2 /Si substrate for the first time by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) technique. MoSe 2 film was grown along MoS 2 triangle edges and occupied the blanks of the substrate, finally leading to the formation of mosaic MoS 2 /MoSe 2 lateral heterojunctions film. The composition and microstructure of mosaic MoS 2 /MoSe 2 lateral heterojunctions film were characterized by various analytic techniques. Photodetectors based on mosaic MoS 2 /MoSe 2 lateral heterojunctions film, triangular MoS 2 monolayer, and multilayer MoSe 2 film are systematically investigated. The mosaic MoS 2 /MoSe 2 lateral heterojunctions film photodetector exhibited optimal photoresponse performance, giving rise to responsivity, detectivity, and external quantum efficiency (EQE) up to 1.3 A W –1 , 2.6 × 10 11 Jones, and 263.1%, respectively, under the bias voltage of 5 V with 0.29 mW cm –2 (610 nm), possibly due to the matched band alignment of MoS 2 and MoSe 2 and strong donor–acceptor delocalization effect between them. Taking into account the similar edge conditions of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), such a facile and reliable approach might open up a unique route for preparing other 2D mosaic lateral heterojunctions films in a manipulative manner. Furthermore, the mosaic lateral heterojunctions film like MoS 2 /MoSe 2 in the present work will be a promising candidate for optoelectronic fields. Graphic Abstract ACS Electronic Supporting Info
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