Mass Spectrometry and Ion Mobility Characterization of Bioactive Peptide–Synthetic Polymer Conjugates
The bioconjugate BMP2-(PEO-HA) 2 , composed of a dendron with two monodisperse poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) branches terminated by a hydroxyapatite binding peptide (HA), and a focal point substituted with a bone growth stimulating peptide (BMP2), has been comprehensively characterized by mass spectrometry (MS) methods, encompassing matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI), electrospray ionization (ESI), tandem mass spectrometry (MS 2 ), and ion mobility mass spectrometry (IM-MS). MS 2 experiments using different ion activation techniques validated the sequences of the synthetic, bioactive peptides HA and BMP2, which contained highly basic amino acid residues either at the N-terminus (BMP2) or C-terminus (HA). Application of MALDI-MS, ESI-MS, and IM-MS to the polymer–peptide biomaterial confirmed its composition. Collision cross-section measurements and molecular modeling indicated that BMP2-(PEO-HA) 2 exists in several folded and extended conformations, depending on the degree of protonation. Protonation of all basic sites of the hybrid material nearly doubles its conformational space and accessible surface area. Graphic Abstract ACS Electronic Supporting Info
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