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Chemical research in toxicology v.30 no.1, 2017년, pp.270 - 294   SCI SCIE
본 등재정보는 저널의 등재정보를 참고하여 보여주는 베타서비스로 정확한 논문의 등재여부는 등재기관에 확인하시기 바랍니다.

Thirdhand Smoke: New Evidence, Challenges, and Future Directions

Jacob, Peyton (Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Departments of Psychiatry and Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, ) ; Benowitz, Neal L. (Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Medical Service, Departments of Medicine, and Bioengineering & Therapeutic Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, ) ; Destaillats, Hugo (Indoor Environment Group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, ) ; Gundel, Lara (Indoor Environment Group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, ) ; Hang, Bo (Biological Systems & Engineering, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, ) ; Martins-Green, Manuela (Department of Cell Biology and Neuroscience, University of California Riverside 92521, ) ; Matt, Georg E. (Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92182, ) ; Quintana, Penelope J. E. (Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92182, ) ; Samet, Jonathan M. (Department of Preventive Medicine, The Keck School of Medicine, ) ; Schick, Suzaynn F. ; Talbot, Prue ; Aquilina, Noel J. ; Hovell, Melbourne F. ; Mao, Jian-Hua ; Whitehead, Todd P. ;
  • 초록  

    Thirdhand smoke (THS) is the contamination that persists after secondhand tobacco smoke has been emitted into air. It refers to the tobacco-related gases and particles that become embedded in materials, such as the carpet, walls, furniture, blankets, and toys. THS is not strictly smoke, but chemicals that adhere to surfaces from which they can be released back into the air, undergo chemical transformations and/or accumulate. Currently, the hazards of THS are not as well documented as the hazards of secondhand smoke (SHS). In this Perspective, we describe the distribution and chemical changes that occur as SHS is transformed into THS, studies of environmental contamination by THS, human exposure studies, toxicology studies using animal models and in vitro systems, possible approaches for avoiding exposure, remediation of THS contamination, and priorities for further research. Graphic Abstract


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