A Mineralized High Strength and Tough Hydrogel for Skull Bone Regeneration
Over the past decade, high strength hydrogels have been intensively investigated. However, developing high strength biofunctional hydrogels for eliciting bone regeneration has been rarely reported. In this work, a mineralized high strength and tough hydrogel is synthesized by one‐step copolymerization of acrylonitrile, 1‐vinylimidazole, and polyethylene glycol diacrylate, followed by in situ precipitation mineralization. It is demonstrated that the CNCN dipole–dipole pairings combined with the interaction of CaP nanocrystals with polymer chains contribute to tremendous increase of tensile/compressive strength, modulus, and fracture energy up to 6.1 MPa, 11.5 MPa, 6.47 MPa, and 7935 J m −2 , respectively. The biomineralization is shown to facilitate the attachment and proliferation of C2C12 cells in vitro. This biomineralized hydrogel scaffold is implanted into an 8 mm diameter critical‐size of calvarial defect of rats to evaluate the bone regeneration. 12 week postsurgery results reveal that the mineralized hydrogel exhibits the highest bone volume and density within the defect as measured by computed tomography and histology. This mineralized high strength and tough hydrogel offers a broad range of possibilities to be developed as biofunctional scaffold to promote the reconstruction and regeneration of not only bone, but also load‐bearing connective tissue.
- 원문이 없습니다.
원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.
NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.
- 이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기