Active and strong: physical activity, muscular strength, and metabolic risk in children
Abstract Objectives This study explored the associations among physical activity, muscular strength, and metabolic risk among children. Methods The sample included 378 Portuguese children (213 girls; 9–11 years). Moderate‐to‐vigorous physical activity was assessed by accelerometry and children were classified as active (≥60 min/day) or insufficiently active ( Results In general, the insufficiently active and low strength group had the worst metabolic risk score, and the active and high strength group had the best. Significant differences were found within physical activity groups for metabolic risk: children classified as “active and high strength” and “insufficiently active and high strength” had better metabolic risk scores than “active and low strength” and “insufficiently active and low strength”, respectively. Conclusions Muscular strength has a relevant role in attenuating the association between physical inactivity and metabolic risk in children; a further benefit was identified in children with high physical activity and high muscular strength.
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