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American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council v.29 no.1, 2017년, pp.e22927 -    SCIE SSCI
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Migration and nutritional status of Tarahumara schoolchildren from Chihuahua State (MExico)

Benítez‐Hernández, Zuliana Paola (Academic Group for Physical Activity, Education and Health (ref.C‐27), Physical Culture Faculty, Autonomous University of Chihuahua, Chihuahua, 31009, México ) ; De la Torre‐Díaz, María de Lourdes (Academic Group for Physical Activity, Education and Health (ref.C‐27), Physical Culture Faculty, Autonomous University of Chihuahua, Chihuahua, 31009, México ) ; Cervantes‐Borunda, Mónica (Academic Group for Physical Activity, Education and Health (ref.C‐27), Physical Culture Faculty, Autonomous University of Chihuahua, Chihuahua, 31009, México ) ; Hernández‐Torres, Rosa Patricia (Academic Group for Physical Activity, Education and Health (ref.C‐27), Physical Culture Faculty, Autonomous University of Chihuahua, Chihuahua, 31009, México ) ; Cabañas, María Dolores (Research Group EPINUT (ref.920325), Medicine Faculty, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, 28040, Spain ) ; López‐Ejeda, Noemí (Research Group EPINUT (ref.920325), Medicine Faculty, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, 28040, Spain ) ; Marrodán, María Dolores (Resear ) ;
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    Abstract Objective The Tarahumara ethnic group is composed of indigenous people from the Sierra Madre Occidental of Mexico. Conditions of isolation and poverty compel them to migrate to the city in search of better opportunities. This work aims to explore the influence of migration on the growth and nutritional status of Tarahumara schoolchildren. Methods One hundred Tarahumara students were analyzed (50 rural with a mean age of 9.78 ± 1.25 years; 50 urban aged 10.0 ± 1.04 years), comparing anthropometric indicators and body composition ( T ‐Student, U ‐Mann–Whitney Tests). Results Twenty percent of rural girls and 35% of rural boys showed stunted growth compared to only 9% of the urban girls (no stunted growth among urban boys). Migrants showed greater body size, skinfold thickness, and fat percentage. Weight excess, understood as an increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity, was detected in 17.8% of urban boys and 13.6% of urban girls compared to 10.0% of boys and 3.3% of girls of the rural series. Conclusion Migration reduces stunting and increases adiposity.


  • 주제어

    Tarahumara .   children .   anthropometry .   nutritional status .   migration.  

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