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Genes & development v.31 no.1, 2017년, pp.46 - 58   SCI SCIE
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PHF11 promotes DSB resection, ATR signaling, and HR

Gong, Yi (Laboratory for Cell Biology and Genetics, The Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10065, USA ) ; Handa, Naofumi (Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of California at Davis, Davis, California 95616, USA ) ; Kowalczykowski, Stephen C. (Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of California at Davis, Davis, California 95616, USA ) ; de Lange, Titia (Laboratory for Cell Biology and Genetics, The Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10065, USA; ) ;
  • 초록  

    Here, de Lange and colleagues report that PHF11 (plant homeodomain finger 11) encodes a previously unknown DNA damage response factor involved in 5′ end resection, ATR signaling, and homologous recombination. Biochemical experiments demonstrated that PHF11 stimulates EXO1 by overcoming its inhibition by RPA, suggesting that PHF11 acts (in part) by promoting 5′ end resection at RPA-bound sites of DNA damage. Resection of double-strand breaks (DSBs) plays a critical role in their detection and appropriate repair. The 3′ ssDNA protrusion formed through resection activates the ATR-dependent DNA damage response (DDR) and is required for DSB repair by homologous recombination (HR). Here we report that PHF11 (plant homeodomain finger 11) encodes a previously unknown DDR factor involved in 5′ end resection, ATR signaling, and HR. PHF11 was identified based on its association with deprotected telomeres and localized to sites of DNA damage in S phase. Depletion of PHF11 diminished the ATR signaling response to telomere dysfunction and genome-wide DNA damage, reduced end resection at sites of DNA damage, resulted in compromised HR and misrejoining of S-phase DSBs, and increased the sensitivity to DNA-damaging agents. PHF11 interacted with the ssDNA-binding protein RPA and was found in a complex with several nucleases, including the 5′ dsDNA exonuclease EXO1. Biochemical experiments demonstrated that PHF11 stimulates EXO1 by overcoming its inhibition by RPA, suggesting that PHF11 acts (in part) by promoting 5′ end resection at RPA-bound sites of DNA damage. These findings reveal a role for PHF11 in DSB resection, DNA damage signaling, and DSB repair.


  • 주제어

    PHF11 .   EXO1 .   RPA .   ATR .   DSB .   resection .   homologous recombination.  

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