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Infection and immunity v.85 no.2, 2017년, pp.e00781-16 - e00781-16   SCI SCIE
본 등재정보는 저널의 등재정보를 참고하여 보여주는 베타서비스로 정확한 논문의 등재여부는 등재기관에 확인하시기 바랍니다.

The Lyme Disease Pathogen Borrelia burgdorferi Infects Murine Bone and Induces Trabecular Bone Loss

Tang, Tian Tian (Matrix Dynamics Group, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada ); Zhang, Lucia ( Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada ); Bansal, Anil ( Matrix Dynamics Group, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada ); Grynpas, Marc ( Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute of Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada ); Moriarty, Tara J. ( Matrix Dynamics Group, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada );
  • 초록  

    Lyme disease is caused by members of the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato species complex. Arthritis is a well-known late-stage pathology of Lyme disease, but the effects of B. burgdorferi infection on bone at sites other than articular surfaces are largely unknown. In this study, we investigated whether B. burgdorferi infection affects bone health in mice. In mice inoculated with B. burgdorferi or vehicle (mock infection), we measured the presence of B. burgdorferi DNA in bones, bone mineral density (BMD), bone formation rates, biomechanical properties, cellular composition, and two- and three-dimensional features of bone microarchitecture. B. burgdorferi DNA was detected in bone. In the long bones, increasing B. burgdorferi DNA copy number correlated with reductions in areal and trabecular volumetric BMDs. Trabecular regions of femora exhibited significant, copy number-correlated microarchitectural disruption, but BMD, microarchitectural, and biomechanical properties of cortical bone were not affected. Bone loss in tibiae was not due to increased osteoclast numbers or bone-resorbing surface area, but it was associated with reduced osteoblast numbers, implying that bone loss in long bones was due to impaired bone building. Osteoid-producing and mineralization activities of existing osteoblasts were unaffected by infection. Therefore, deterioration of trabecular bone was not dependent on inhibition of osteoblast function but was more likely caused by blockade of osteoblastogenesis, reduced osteoblast survival, and/or induction of osteoblast death. Together, these data represent the first evidence that B. burgdorferi infection induces bone loss in mice and suggest that this phenotype results from inhibition of bone building rather than increased bone resorption.


  • 주제어

    Borrelia burgdorferi .   Lyme disease .   bone .   bone mineral density .   histomorphometry .   host-pathogen interactions .   infectious disease .   microcomputed tomography .   mouse model .   osteopenia.  

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