Ecological characteristics of Simulium breeding sites in West Africa
Abstract Twenty-nine taxa of Simulium were identified amongst 527 collections of larvae and pupae from untreated rivers and streams in Liberia (362 collections in 1967–71 & 1989), Togo (125 in 1979–81), Benin (35 in 1979–81) and Ghana (5 in 1980–81). Presence or absence of associations between different taxa were used to group them into six clusters using Ward agglomerative hierarchical cluster analysis. Environmental data associated with the pre-imaginal habitats were then analysed in relation to the six clusters by one way ANOVA. The results revealed significant effects in determining the clusters of maximum river width (all P Simulium damnosum species complex, whose breeding site distributions were further analysed by canonical correspondence analysis (CCA), a method also applied to the data on non-vector species.
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- DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2016.12.022
- Elsevier : 저널> 권호 > 논문
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