Molecular epidemiological survey of bacterial and parasitic pathogens in hard ticks from eastern China
Abstract Ticks are able to transmit various pathogens—viruses, bacteria, and parasites—to their host during feeding. Several molecular epidemiological surveys have been performed to evaluate the risk of tick-borne pathogens in China, but little is known about pathogens circulating in ticks from eastern China. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the presence of bacteria and parasites in ticks collected from Xuzhou, a 11258km 2 region in eastern China. In the present study, ticks were collected from domestic goats and grasses in urban districts of Xuzhou region from June 2015 to July 2016. After tick species identification, the presence of tick-borne bacterial and parasitic pathogens, including Anaplasma phagocytophilum , Borrelia burgdorferi , Rickettsia sp., Bartonella sp., Babesia sp., and Theileria sp., was established via conventional or nested polymerase chain reaction assays (PCR) and sequence analysis. Finally, a total of 500 questing adult ticks, identified as Haemaphysalis longicornis , were investigated. Among them, 28/500 tick samples (5.6%) were infected with A. phagocytophilum , and 23/500 (4.6%) with Theileria luwenshuni , whereas co-infection with these pathogens was detected in only 1/51 (2%) of all infected ticks. In conclusion, H. longicornis is the dominant tick species in the Xuzhou region and plays an important role in zoonotic pathogen transmission. Both local residents and animals are at a significant risk of exposure to anaplasmosis and theileriosis, due to the high rates of A. phagocytophilum and T. luwenshuni tick infection.
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- DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2016.12.010
- Elsevier : 저널> 권호 > 논문
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