Buckling behavior of sandwich hemispherical structure considering deformation modes under axial compression
Sandwich structures are often used in space and aviation industry as energy absorption elements due to their load carrying capacity and light weight features. In experiments, it has been found that sandwich hemispherical structures have two different deformation modes referred as dimpling and flat mode under axial compression load. Deformation modes exercise a great influence on load carrying capacity of sandwich hemispherical structure. In this paper, theoretical models for two deformation modes of sandwich hemispherical structures under axial compression have been proposed. The reason for two different deformation modes observed in the compression tests has been explained. A finite element model has been set up and validated by the experimental results. Based on the numerical simulation results, buckling behaviors, load carrying capacities and displacements of top points of two different deformation modes have been compared. It is found that the load carrying capacity of the sandwich hemispherical structure under dimpling mode is about half of that under flat mode with very similar configurations. The deformation mode can be changed from dimpling to flat by adjusting the thicknesses of the out and inner metal sheets. This is a feasible and efficient way to improve the load carrying performance of the sandwich hemispherical structure. The optimal thickness ratio range of out and inner metal sheets are proposed. The methods can help improve the design of sandwich hemispherical structures to obtain better load carrying capacity with reasonable configuration.
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- DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2016.12.050
- Elsevier : 저널 > 논문
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