The effect of silica fume on durability of alkali activated slag concrete
Abstract The effect of substitution the slag with silica fume on compressive strength and permeability of alkali activated slag concrete has been examined and analyzed in this study. The use of alkali activated slag concrete is one of the strategies for production of environmentally friendly concrete which is produced through activation of adhesion feature of blast furnace slag in an alkaline solution. Alkali activated slag concrete with a proper mixture shows superior mechanical properties and durability compared to traditional normal Portland cement concrete. For cases in which AAS concrete with higher performance and durability is needed, AAS concrete with silica fume can be considered as a possible alternative. Since the permeability plays an effective role in concrete durability, this research was carried out to examine the effect of using silica fume on permeability of alkali activated slag concrete by substitution of three levels of silica fume including 5wt%, 10wt% and 15wt% of slag. The effects of two types of curing conditions including water curing and curing under plastic cover were also examined. Short-term and final water absorption, penetration of chloride ion and depth of penetration of water were measured to examine the permeability. The effect of these factors on compressive strength was examined and the relation between compressive strength and passing electrical charges and depth of water penetration was also evaluated. To contrast the use of silica fume on internal characteristics of concrete, samples were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results showed that the application of silica fume could increase compressive strength and reduce the permeability of alkali activated slag concrete and water curing was the most appropriate type of curing. Highlights Silica fume increased the compressive strength of alkali activated slag concrete. Application of silica fume reduced the initial and total water absorption of AAS concrete. Application of SF increased the resistance to penetration of chloride ion in AAS concrete. Water curing lead to higher compressive strength, lower permeability and higher durability. Application of SF significantly reduced the porosity and permeability according to SEM images.
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- DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.12.072
- Elsevier : 저널> 권호 > 논문
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