The influence of rheological parameters of cement paste on the dispersion of carbon nanofibers and self-sensing performance
Abstract This paper aims to study the influence of rheological parameters of cement paste on the dispersion of carbon nanofibers (CNFs) and the subsequent electrical resistivity. Three groups of cement paste with water-cement ratio (w/c) of 0.4, 0.35, and 0.3 and three groups with w/c of 0.4 incorporating 10% silica fume (SF), 20% granulated blast-furnace slag (SL) and 0.4% carboxymethylcellulose sodium (CMC) were prepared. The CNFs were incorporated at 2.25% of binder volume. Different dosages of superplasticizer were added for each group, to obtain variable rheological performances of fresh paste. The average value and variability coefficient ( C v ) of electrical resistivity for 16 specimens were determined for each mixture. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation and piezoresistivity were tested on selected samples. Results showed that slump flow increased and the viscosity decreased with more addition of superplasticizer and higher w/c. For each group of cement paste, the slump flow of around 200mm is most favorable for enhancing the dispersion of CNFs. The addition of CMC and SF improved the dispersion of CNFs, but SL had a disadvantageous influence. The lower C v value and better dispersion of CNFs due to the rheological performance of cement paste led to the improved piezoresistivity. Highlights Influence of cement paste fluidity and viscosity on CNFs dispersion was reported. Suitable fluidity and viscosity is favorable for dispersion of CNFs in cement paste. The better CNFs dispersion results in the improved piezoresistive performance.
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- DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.12.176
- Elsevier : 저널> 권호 > 논문
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