A hybrid nondestructive testing method of pulsed eddy current testing and electromagnetic acoustic transducer techniques for simultaneous surface and volumetric defects inspection
In this paper, a hybrid nondestructive testing (NDT) method combining with the pulsed eddy current testing (PECT) method and the electromagnetic acoustic transducer (EMAT) method has been proposed and validated through numerical simulations and experiments. First, a numerical code is developed for the simulation of hybrid EMAT/PECT signals based on the developed EMAT and PECT code. Second, based on the numerical simulation, the influences of the eddy current induced by the excitation coil and the eddy current due to the velocity effect of the ultrasonic wave are compared and analyzed. In addition, the features of the EMAT and the PECT signals are analyzed respectively. Third, several signal separation and extraction methods are proposed on the basis of the spectral analysis and filtering strategies for extracting EMAT and PECT signals from the mixed signals of the hybrid EMAT/PECT method and their validity are evaluated through experiments. Finally, hybrid EMAT/PECT experiments are conducted and three types of defects (surface defects, bottom thinning defects, composite defects) in an aluminum plate and a SUS304 plate are successfully detected at the same time using the proposed hybrid NDT method and the signal feature parameters. Based on the numerical and experimental results, the proposed hybrid PECT/EMAT NDT method is demonstrated both high detectability and high efficiency for detecting surface and volumetric defects at the same time.
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