Effect of deposition rate on the charge transport in Vanadyl-phthalocyanine thin films
We report fabrication of Vanadyl phthalocyanine (VOPc) based diodes with different deposition rates (0.1, 1 and 5A/s) in hole only device configuration: ITO/MoO 3 /VOPc/MoO 3 /Al. The dc and ac electrical conductivity of Vanadyl phthalocyanine based devices is investigated by employing Impedance spectroscopy measurements. The frequency dependence of conductivity indicates that the dominant mechanism for charge transport is the hopping type. Further, the dependence of conductivity on temperature and bias voltage clearly indicates that the hopping mechanism is described by the correlated barrier hopping (CBH) model. The thin layer (3nm) of MoO 3 in our devices is seen to enhance the electrical conductivity. J-V measurements indicate that the current density J as well as the charge carrier mobility are higher for the devices fabricated at a relatively lower deposition rate (0.1A/s). Our results suggest that the VOPC films deposited at lower rates are more appropriate for the optoelectronic device applications.
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