Polarization-selective optical resonance with extremely narrow linewidth in Si dimers array for application in ultra-sensitive refractive sensing
By exploiting the radiative coupling between the electromagnetic field scattered by individual Si dimer and the collective wave diffracted (Rayleigh Anomalies) in the plane of Si dimers array, optical resonance with extremely narrow linewidth is achieved, accompanied with dramatic enhancement of electric field in the gap of the dimer. We analyze the optical properties of Si dimers array by decomposing it into three fundamental sub-systems. Theoretical investigation employing the coupled dipole approximation is complemented with numerical simulations. The result shows that polarization angle has significant influence on the orientation of the field scattered by individual Si dimer, which determines the efficiency of radiative coupling and further impacts on the electric field enhancement. Moreover, we explore the feasibility of application in refractive sensing. It is shown that the figure of merit value for the proposed system of Si dimers array is as high as 306. The Si dimers array that takes advantage of multiple coupling creates new possibility to implement field-enhanced spectroscopy and refractive sensing with ultra-high sensitivity.
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