Myogenic differentiation depends on the interplay of Grb2 and N-WASP
Myogenesis requires a well-coordinated withdrawal from cell cycle, morphological changes and cell fusion mediated by actin cytoskeleton. Grb2 is an adaptor protein whose central SH2 domain binds to phosphorylated tyrosine residues of activated receptors and activates intracellular signaling pathway, while its N-terminal and C-terminal SH3 domains bind to proline rich proteins such as N-WASP (Neural-Wiskott Aldrich Syndrome Protein). We found that the expression of Grb2 was increased at the beginning of differentiation and remained constant during differentiation in C2C12 myoblasts. Knocking down endogenous Grb2 expression caused a significant increase in the fusion index and expression of MyHC, a terminal differentiation marker when compared with the control. Over expression of Grb2 in C2C12 (C2C12 Grb2-Myc ) reduced myotube formation and expression of MyHC. Similarly over expression of Grb2 P49L -Myc (N-terminal SH3 domain mutant) or Grb2 R86K -Myc (SH2 domain mutant) inhibited myogenic differentiation of C2C12 cells. However, the expression of Grb2 P206L -Myc (C-terminal SH3 domain mutant) did not inhibit myotube formation and expression of MyHC. This suggests that the C-terminal SH3 domain of Grb2 is critical for the inhibition of myogenic differentiation. The C2C12 Grb2-Myc cells have reduced phalloidin staining at late stages of differentiation. Expression of N-WASP in C2C12 Grb2-Myc cells rescued the myogenic defect and increased phalloidin staining (increased F-actin) in these cells. Thus our results suggest that Grb2 is a negative regulator of myogenesis and reduces myogenic differentiation by inhibiting actin polymerization/remodeling through its C-terminal SH3 domain.
유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.
원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.
NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.
- 이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기