Electrical impedance myography for discriminating traumatic peripheral nerve injury in the upper extremity
Objective: To evaluate the potential of electrical impedance myography (EIM), which is sensitive to the changes in muscle structure and physiology, in discriminating traumatic peripheral nerve injury (TPNI) in the upper extremity. To identify factors that primarily influence muscle atrophy secondary to nerve injury. Methods: Thirty-nine patients with TPNI underwent EIM measurement and standard electromyography tests for multiple muscles in the upper extremity. The side-to-side differences in EIM parameters were calculated for each subject and compared with the compound motor action potential (CMAP) amplitude, which is a measure of injury severity, and the time since injury. Results: The reactance and phase values of the affected muscles were consistently lower than those of healthy muscles, with an average side-to-side difference of approximately -50% (p
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