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Mammalian biology : Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde v.82, 2017년, pp.48 - 56   SCI SCIE
본 등재정보는 저널의 등재정보를 참고하여 보여주는 베타서비스로 정확한 논문의 등재여부는 등재기관에 확인하시기 바랍니다.

Different responses of attic-dwelling bat species to landscape naturalness

Uhrin, Marcel (Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, P. J. Šafárik University in Košice, Moyzesova 11, 040 01 Košice, Slovakia ) ; Benda, Petr (Department of Zoology, National Museum (Natural History), Václavské ) ; Kaňuch, Peter (náměstí ) ;
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    Abstract Although the general role of bats and the tolerance of many species to urbanized areas is well known, the relationship between urban roosts and their surrounding landscapes having different degrees of naturalness still requires our attention, mainly in species that are the most adapted to human-made structures. We used extensive data from attic-dwelling bat surveillance conducted throughout Slovakia to assess species responses to the degree of naturalness of the landscape surrounding their anthropogenic roosts. Using generalized linear mixed-effects modelling, we found that some bats established their nursery colonies in either a habitat with a higher proportion of forests mostly at sub-mountain/mountain altitudes ( R. hipposideros , P. auritus , M. emarginatus ), or they preferred lowlands with a predominance of arable land ( E. serotinus , P. austriacus ). Furthermore, higher habitat heterogeneity and the proportion of grassland were positively associated with the occurrence of P. auritus ; however, negative associations with these habitat variables were found in E. serotinus . The predicted suitability of an area for bats to establish nursery colonies suggests the existence of two regions with different bat species composition in the study area: a region of the Pannonian Lowlands and a less urbanized mountain region of the Carpathian Mountains. Our study thus showed that landscape naturalness is a determining factor for roost-site selection by bats preferring anthropogenic roosts; however, some bat species did not express specific preferences according to the tested environmental variables, and other ecological traits in the evaluated species should be considered.


  • 주제어

    Chiroptera .   Maternity roosts .   House-dwelling bats .   Landscape structure .   Central Europe.  

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