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Harmful algae v.62, 2017년, pp.1 - 9   SCIE
본 등재정보는 저널의 등재정보를 참고하여 보여주는 베타서비스로 정확한 논문의 등재여부는 등재기관에 확인하시기 바랍니다.

Distinctly different behavioral responses of a copepod, Temora longicornis, to different strains of toxic dinoflagellates, Alexandrium spp.

Xu, Jiayi (Centre for Ocean Life, National Institute for Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark, 2920 Charlottenlund, Denmark ) ; Hansen, Per Juel (Marine Biological Section, University of Copenhagen, 3000 Helsingør, Denmark ) ; Nielsen, Lasse Tor (Centre for Ocean Life, National Institute for Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark, 2920 Charlottenlund, Denmark ) ; Krock, Bernd (Alfred Wegener Institut-Helmholtz Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung, 27570 Bremerhaven, Germany ) ; Tillmann, Urban (Alfred Wegener Institut-Helmholtz Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung, 27570 Bremerhaven, Germany ) ; Kiørboe, Thomas (Centre for Ocean Life, National Institute for Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark, 2920 Charlottenlund, Denmark ) ;
  • 초록  

    Abstract Zooplankton responses to toxic algae are highly variable, even towards taxonomically closely related species or different strains of the same species. Here, the individual level feeding behavior of a copepod, Temora longicornis , was examined which offered 4 similarly sized strains of toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium spp. and a non-toxic control strain of the dinoflagellate Protoceratium reticulatum. The strains varied in their cellular toxin concentration and composition and in lytic activity. High-speed video observations revealed four distinctly different strain-specific feeding responses of the copepod during 4h incubations: (i) the ‘normal’ feeding behavior, in which the feeding appendages were beating almost constantly to produce a feeding current and most (90%) of the captured algae were ingested; (ii) the beating activity of the feeding appendages was reduced by ca. 80% during the initial 60min of exposure, after which very few algae were captured and ingested; (iii) capture and ingestion rates remained high, but ingested cells were regurgitated; and (iv) the copepod continued beating its appendages and captured cells at a high rate, but after 60min, most captured cells were rejected. The various prey aversion responses observed may have very different implications to the prey and their ability to form blooms: consumed but regurgitated cells are dead, captured but rejected cells survive and may give the prey a competitive advantage, while reduced feeding activity of the grazer may be equally beneficial to the prey and its competitors. These behaviors were not related to lytic activity or overall paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) content and composition and suggest that other cues are responsible for the responses.


  • 주제어

    Feeding behavior .   Paralytic shellfish toxins .   Goniodomin A .   Lytic activity.  

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