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Journal of aerosol science v.105, 2017년, pp.151 - 165   SCI SCIE
본 등재정보는 저널의 등재정보를 참고하여 보여주는 베타서비스로 정확한 논문의 등재여부는 등재기관에 확인하시기 바랍니다.

Brownian coagulation of a bi-modal distribution of both spherical and fractal aerosols

Burgalat, J. Rannou, P.
  • 초록  

    The use of Global Circulation Models (GCM) or mesoscale models are now widely used to understand planetary climatic systems. The increasing complexity of the models and the more and more detailed observations of the planetary bodies necessitate a corresponding increase in the complexity of the physical processes which are included in these models. In all the planetary atmospheres in the solar system, aerosols and clouds can be found and therefore microphysical processes must be included in climate models. The most accurate models are those where aerosol and cloud droplet size distributions are described with bins. This type of sophisticated and accurate models only needs a small quantity of a priori information to be used. However, they are demanding in computational resource. They can only be used in GCM at the cost of very long, and sometime prohibitive, time of computation. Alternatively, an other class of microphysical models, based on the description of the aerosol and cloud distributions with moments of distribution can be used. But, they need first to be developed and compared with a more detailed model and they need an a priori information about the size distributions. In this article, we describe the development of the microphysical equations to treat the interaction of two populations of aerosols, with different geometrical structures, written with moment of distributions, interacting through Brownian coagulation. This problem was solved specifically for the case of Titan, the larger satellite of Saturn, where small aerosols have a spherical shape, large aerosols have a fractal aggregated structure and where aerosols bear an electric charge. The two populations interact in the mesosphere. The fractal structure of the large aerosols also has a consequence on the shape of the size distribution and on the laws of the microphysics that must be accounted a priori in the method. The case of Titan is probably one of the most complex and, in this work, we have written the set of equations in the most general way so they can be used for any other cases. Once developed, we finally compare the results yielded by our new model with the results obtained with the classical model based on a description in bins.


  • 주제어

    Brownian coagulation .   Moment method .   Fractal particles.  

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