A pilot study on remediation of muddy tidal flat using porous pile
In order to prove that porous piles are effective in remediating muddy tidal flat sediments and increasing the biomass, field experiments were carried out at the tidal flat of a brackish river located in Hiroshima City, Japan. Porous piles with a diameter of 16cm and height of 50cm were installed in the muddy sediment that covers the sand layer of the tidal flat. After installation, concentrations of dissolved oxygen in interstitial water in and around the porous piles increased to a maximum concentration of 6mg/l due to enhancement of the groundwater flow. The increase of dissolved oxygen in the interstitial water produced a decrease in the concentration of ammonia and an increase in the individual number of benthos at the porous pile site. From these results, we concluded that the porous pile is an effective technology for remediation of muddy tidal flats.
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