Self-efficacy, depression and self-care activities of people with type 2 diabetes in Turkey
Background: Self-efficacy related to self-care behaviors in people with type 2 diabetes has been well reported. However no work has been reported in Turkey that uses reliable instruments to examine the relationships among self-care activities, depression and self-efficacy. Aim: This study aims to investigate self-care activities, depression and self-efficacy among people with type 2 diabetes in Turkey. Methods: The sample included 200 patients with type 2 diabetes from an endocrinology outpatient clinic at a university hospital. Self-care activities, self-efficacy, and symptoms of depression were measured using established instruments: The Summary for Diabetes Self-Care Activities, the Self-Efficacy Scale, and the Beck Depression Inventory. Descriptive and correlational statistics were used in data analysis. Findings: One in three (37.5%) of participants had depression symptoms. Beck Depression Inventory scores were higher in women and in those with a lower education level, had diabetic complications and difficulty in meeting health care costs. The mean self-efficacy score was 66.5+/-14.0; those who lived alone, were unemployed and knew their HbA1c level had significantly higher scores (p
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