Silicon based lithium-ion battery anodes: A chronicle perspective review
Abstract Si has been regarded as one of the most promising next generation lithium-ion battery (LIB) anodes due to its exceptional capacity and proper working voltage. However, the dramatic volume change during lithiation/delithiation processes has caused severe detrimental consequences, leading to very poor cyclic stability. It has been one of the critical problems hampering the practical applications of the silicon based LIB anode. Extensive research has been carried out to resolve the problem since early 1990s. For the first time, the studies on the Si anode in the time frame more than two decades are summarized and discussed in this review with a novel chronicle perspective. Through this article, the evolution of the concept, fundamental scientific and technology development of the silicon LIB anode are clearly presented. It provides unique eyesight into this rapid developing field and will shed light on the future trend of the Si LIB anode research. Highlights The emergence and preliminary stage of the Si LIB anode research until 2000 is addressed. The Rise of the Si-based anode studies between 2001 and 2005 is recorded. The rapid development of Si-based anodes from 2006 to 2010 is reviewed. The explosive progress of the Si-based anodes research from 2011 to 2015 is systematically interpreted. The evolution trend of the research on the Si LIB anode over more than two decades is summarized and discussed. Graphical abstract The research on the Si-based lithium-ion battery anode has been systematically reviewed in a chronicle perspective from early 1990s to 2016, where the evolution trends of the structure feature and modification strategy of Si have been elaborated. [DISPLAY OMISSION]
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