Nanoporous anodic alumina oxide layer and its sealing for the enhancement of radiative heat dissipation of aluminum alloy
Abstract Various types of nanoporous anodic aluminum oxide layers and their sealings were studied to enhance the thermal emissivity and hence improve the heat dissipation of aluminum alloy for energy application. Dissipating heat fluxes from the anodized aluminum surfaces were measured using a modified steady-state method and investigated with respect to the various nanoporous morphologies obtained with different anodizing conditions and sealing methods. Results show that the anodized nanoporous oxide layers significantly enhance the thermal emissivity and heat dissipation of aluminum alloy, compared to bare aluminum alloy, and such enhancement is further improved with sealings. A thicker nanoporous oxide layer anodized in oxalic acid results in higher thermal emissivity and better heat dissipation than that in sulfuric acid, showing a darker color which is attributed to the more irregular and disordered pore size and pattern of the nanoporous oxide layer. The nanoporous oxide layer with cold NiF 2 or black sealing shows further enhancement in thermal emissivity and heat dissipation, demonstrating the highest enhancement in emissivity up to 0.906 in case of the nanoporous oxide layer anodized in oxalic acid with black sealing, which is seven times greater than that of bare aluminum. The nanoporous oxide layer with black sealing also results in the significant improvement of the cooling efficiency of a heat exchanger system of aluminum alloy by 36.4%, suggesting great energy saving for real energy application. Highlights Porous anodic alumina nanostructures enhance radiative heat transfer of aluminum. The sealing of porous nanostructures further enhances the thermal energy transfer. Enhancement of the thermal emissivity up to 700% and the heat flux up to 300%. Demonstration of the enhancement of heat dissipation for a real heat exchange system. Graphical abstract [DISPLAY OMISSION]
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