Single- and few-layers MoS2 nanocomposite as piezo-catalyst in dark and self-powered active sensor
Abstract Over the past decades, water pollution has been suggested as the leading factor to infectious diseases. There has been a worldwide concern to use photocatalysts to degrade organic pollutants in waste water. However, the requirement of light assistance in degradation process has limited the application of photocatalysts. In this paper, MoS 2 /PDMS nanocomposite was fabricated in order to overcome this problem. The results showed that MoS 2 /PDMS nanocomposite can provide a high degradation activity to purify the waste water without light assistance. The MoS 2 /PDMS nanocomposite preserved an activity of 67% toward dye Rhodamine B degradation even in the fourth cycling test. We found that the high degradation activity of MoS 2 /PDMS nanocomposite was based on the piezo-catalytic effect of single- and few-layers MoS 2 nanoflowers in the nanocomposite. We also demonstrated that MoS 2 /PDMS nanocomposite was a useful material in the fabrication of nanogenerator to harvest waste water energy. Through the direct coating of MoS 2 /PDMS nanocomposite on a metal grid, electric outputs of 23V and 13mA/m 2 can be generated when a water flow (20mL/s) was passing the nanogenerator. In addition, when coating MoS 2 /PDMS nanocomposite on a flat electrode and placing it inside a water pipe, the nanogenerator could not only act as the source of electric output, but also as a self-powered sensor to locate the water passage route and/or the contamination areas in the waste water. Highlights The MoS 2 /PDMS was not only a piezo-catalyst but also acting as a triboelectric nanogenerator. The MoS 2 /PDMS can decompose the RB dye with 99% under an ultrasonic vibration in the dark. The MoS 2 /PDMS nanocomposite was capable to purify the waste water and collect its mechanical energy. Graphical Abstract We demonstrate that the as-prepared MoS 2 /PDMS nanocomposite is not only an efficient piezo-catalyst to decompose organic pollutants in the waste water but also can be designed as an energy harvester to collect the hydropower. [DISPLAY OMISSION]
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