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Building and environment v.114, 2017년, pp.518 - 530   SCIE
본 등재정보는 저널의 등재정보를 참고하여 보여주는 베타서비스로 정확한 논문의 등재여부는 등재기관에 확인하시기 바랍니다.

Ten questions concerning occupant behavior in buildings: The big picture

Hong, Tianzhen (Building Technology and Urban Systems Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA ) ; Yan, Da (School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China ) ; D'Oca, Simona (Building Technology and Urban Systems Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA ) ; Chen, Chien-fei (Department of Sociology, University of Tennessee, 1520 Middle Drive, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA ) ;
  • 초록  

    Abstract Occupant behavior has significant impacts on building energy performance and occupant comfort. However, occupant behavior is not well understood and is often oversimplified in the building life cycle, due to its stochastic, diverse, complex, and interdisciplinary nature. The use of simplified methods or tools to quantify the impacts of occupant behavior in building performance simulations significantly contributes to performance gaps between simulated models and actual building energy consumption. Therefore, it is crucial to understand occupant behavior in a comprehensive way, integrating qualitative approaches and data- and model-driven quantitative approaches, and employing appropriate tools to guide the design and operation of low-energy residential and commercial buildings that integrate technological and human dimensions. This paper presents ten questions, highlighting some of the most important issues regarding concepts, applications, and methodologies in occupant behavior research. The proposed questions and answers aim to provide insights into occupant behavior for current and future researchers, designers, and policy makers, and most importantly, to inspire innovative research and applications to increase energy efficiency and reduce energy use in buildings. Highlights A big picture of building energy–related occupant behavior research is offered. Advantages and challenges of integrating behavior in building life cycle are discussed. Advances in behavior sensing, analytics, modeling, and simulation are presented. An interdisciplinary perspective incorporating social science and engineering research is outlined. Future research and information sources are recommended.


  • 주제어

    Occupant behavior .   Behavior modeling .   Building performance .   Building simulation .   Energy use .   Interdisciplinary.  

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