Regulation of the expression of LXR in rat hypothalamic and hippocampal explants
Liver X receptors (LXR) are important transcription factors involved in the regulation of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism and are expressed in different brain areas. Recently we described that LXR expression in the hypothalamus is sensitive to serum levels of lipids and carbohydrates. Here, we further characterized the effects of glucose, insulin, cholesterol and cholic acid on the expression of LXRα and LXRβ in hypothalamus and hippocampus explants as in vitro models. The LXR activation products, GLUT2 and ABCA1, were also analyzed by Western blot. Glucose had different effects in the hypothalamus compared to the hippocampus. In the hypothalamus, increases in glucose concentrations decreased LXRβ expression while in the hippocampus increased both receptor subtypes levels. In contrast, insulin treatment decreased LXRβ in the hypothalamus while having no effects on the hippocampus. Cholic acid and cholesterol increased only LXRα expression in the hypothalamus whereas no effects on the hippocampus were detected. The newly expressed LXR receptors may be functional active since the level of the LXR activation product ABCA1 was also increased. Changes in GLUT2 expression was observed only when LXRβ levels were increased. Altogether these data show that LXR are sensitive to glucose, insulin and lipids in vitro, as well as in vivo as we previously showed, suggesting an involvement of LXR in central metabolic pathways and control of energy homeostasis.
유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.
NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.
- 이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기