Hepatic expression of aminoadipate semialdehyde synthase is unchanged by postruminal lysine supply in lactating dairy cows
ABSTRACT Lysine supply is potentially limiting for milk production in dairy cows. The availability of Lys to the mammary gland and other tissues is a function of the quantity of metabolizable Lys supplied and Lys catabolism by the liver. Likewise, Lys catabolism may be influenced by Lys supply. This study evaluated the effect of increased postruminal Lys supply on the expression of aminoadipate semialdehyde synthase ( AASS , a committing step in Lys catabolism in the liver) and ornithine transcarbamoylase and argininosuccinate synthase (key urea cycle enzymes that are responsive to protein supply). Eight multiparous peak Holstein cows were used in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square. Cows were fed a Lys-limiting ration and infused postruminally with 0, 9, 27, or 63 g/d of Lys. The study consisted of 10 d of pretreatment followed by 10 d of Lys infusion. On the last day of each period, liver and milk samples were collected for mRNA analysis, and blood samples were collected for analysis of amino acids and Lys metabolites. Milk protein percent increased by 5.9%, plasma Lys increased by 74%, and α-aminoadipic acid increased by 51% with postruminal infusion of 63 g/d Lys compared with 0 g/d. Expression of AASS , ornithine transcarbamoylase, and argininosuccinate synthase mRNA in liver did not differ with postruminal infusion of Lys. Milk fat globule mRNA for major milk proteins and AASS were not affected by Lys infusion. Postruminal infusion of Lys resulted in an 86% greater increase in AASS mRNA in the liver compared with mammary mRNA. These changes suggest that hepatic Lys metabolism is not responsive to Lys supply at the transcription level, and that the availability of Lys to extrahepatic tissue may be determined by hepatic Lys metabolism.
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