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Modelling of acoustic and elastic wave propagation from underground structures using a 2.5D BEM-FEM approach

Romero, A. ; Galvin, P. ; Antonio, J. ; Dominguez, J. ; Tadeu, A. ;
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    This paper presents a numerical method based on a two-and-a-half dimensional (2.5D) boundary element-finite element (BEM-FEM) coupled formulation to study noise and vibration from underground structures. The proposed model properly represents the soil-structure interaction problem and the radiated noise and vibration. The soil is modelled with the boundary element method, and the Green's function for a fluid-solid formation is taken as the fundamental solution to represent a solid half-space flattened by a fluid medium, which represents the soil and the air above the ground surface. The finite element method is used to represent structures and enclosed air volumes. The problem representation is limited to a soil-structure interface and the ground surface does not need to be discretised. Radiated noise and vibration are determined after the soil-structure interaction problem has been solved. We verify the proposed method by comparing the solution with an analytical solution for the wave propagation in a fluid-solid medium. Three examples are given to illustrate the noise and vibration radiated by tunnels. The results show that the soil-structure interaction influences the sound pressure field above the ground surface.


  • 주제어

    2.   5D BEM-FEM .   Noise and vibration .   Tunnels .   Soil-structure interaction .   Fluid-structure interaction.  

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