Three-dimensional graphene network/phenolic resin composites towards tunable and weakly negative permittivity
Abstract Three-dimensional (3D) graphene (GR) network/phenolic resin composites with tunable and weakly negative permittivity were prepared by mechanical mixed method. Dielectric properties including permittivity, dielectric loss tangent and alternating current conductivity ( σ ac ), were investigated in detail. When the GR content was increased from 8 to 13vol%, a ladder-shape increase of σ ac was observed, indicating a percolation phenomenon. It was found that, when the GR content exceeded 13vol% the negative permittivity appeared attributed to the formation of 3D interconnected GR network. Moreover, the negative permittivity was easily adjusted by controlling the GR content. Compared with the metal-ceramics in our previous work, the absolute values of negative permittivity were low, which was in favor of impedance matching. For the GR content of 13vol%, high dielectric loss above 25 over the whole frequency was also observed. Finally, the equivalent circuits were used to analyze the reason of the negative permittivity. Highlights Weakly negative permittivity was first obtained from the graphene composites. Negative permittivity resulted from formation of graphene conductive networks. Negative permittivity was easily adjusted by controlling the graphene contents. High dielectric loss (above 25) was obtained from 13vol% graphene. Graphical abstract [DISPLAY OMISSION]
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