Hematopoietic arginase 1 deficiency results in decreased leukocytosis and increased foam cell formation but does not affect atherosclerosis
Background and aims: Arginase1 (Arg1), an M2 macrophage marker, plays a critical role in a number of immunological functions in macrophages, which are the main cell type facilitating atherosclerotic lesion development. Arg1 uses the substrate l-arginine to create l-ornithine, a precursor molecule required for collagen formation and vascular smooth muscle cell differentiation. By reducing l-arginine availability, Arg1 limits the production of nitric oxide (NO), a pro-atherogenic factor in macrophages. In endothelial cells, conversely, NO is strongly anti-atherogenic. However, until now, the role of Arg1 in atherosclerosis is largely unknown. The aim of this study is to specifically investigate the effect of Arg1 deletion in hematopoietic cells on atherosclerosis susceptibility. Methods: Ldlr KO mice were transplanted with Arg1 flox/flox ;Tie2-Cre (Arg1 KO) bone marrow (BM) or wildtype (WT) BM. After 8 weeks of recovery on chow diet, recipients mice were fed a Western-Type Diet (WTD) for 10 weeks to induce atherosclerosis. Results: After 10-week WTD challenge, blood leukocyte counts were decreased by 25% (p
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- DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2016.11.018
- Elsevier : 저널> 권호 > 논문
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