Plaque surface irregularity and calcification length within carotid plaque predict secondary events in patients with coronary artery disease
Background and aims: Although comprehensive risk factor modification is recommended, a uniform management strategy does not necessarily prevent secondary events in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Therefore, identification of high-risk patients who may benefit from more intensive interventions may improve prognosis. Carotid ultrasound can reliably identify systemic atherosclerosis, and carotid plaque and intima-media thickness (IMT) are known independent risk factors for CAD. However, it is unclear whether findings on carotid ultrasound can improve prediction of secondary CAD events. Methods: The study population comprised 146 consecutive patients with CAD (mean age, 66 +/- 9 years; 126 with angina pectoris, 20 with acute myocardial infarction). IMT, plaque score, plaque area, plaque surface irregularity, and calcification length (calculated by summing the calcified lesions within each plaque accompanied by acoustic shadow) were measured at baseline. Patients were followed for 10 years to ascertain secondary CAD events defined as hard major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE; cardiac death and acute myocardial infarction) and as total MACE (hard MACE and angina pectoris with coronary revascularization). Results: Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that calcification length (p
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- DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2016.11.008
- Elsevier : 저널> 권호 > 논문
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