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Chemosphere v.172, 2017년, pp.333 - 340   SCI SCIE SCOPUS
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A novel model to predict gas–phase hydroxyl radical oxidation kinetics of polychlorinated compounds

Luo, Shuang (Institute of Environmental Engineering, School of Metallurgy and Environment, Central South University, Changsha, 410083, China ); Wei, Zongsu ( Grand Water Research Institute– ); Spinney, Richard (Rabin Desalination Laboratory, Wolfson Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Technion– ); Yang, Zhihui (Israel Institute of Technology, Technion City, Haifa, 32000, Israel ); Chai, Liyuan ( Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 43210, United States ); Xiao, Ruiyang ( Institute of Environmental Engineering, School of Metallurgy and Environment, Central South University, Changsha, 410083, China );
  • 초록  

    Abstract In this study, a novel model based on aromatic meta–substituent grouping was presented to predict the second–order rate constants ( k ) for OH oxidation of PCBs in gas–phase. Since the oxidation kinetics are dependent on the chlorination degree and position, we hypothesized that it may be more accurate for k value prediction if we group PCB congeners based on substitution positions ( i.e. , ortho ( o ), meta ( m ), and para ( p )). To test this hypothesis, we examined the correlation of polarizability ( α ), a quantum chemical based descriptor for k values, with an empirical Hammett constant ( σ + ) on each substitution position. Our result shows that α is highly linearly correlated to ∑ σ o,m,p + based on aromatic meta–substituents leading to the grouping based predictive model. With the new model, the calculated k values exhibited an excellent agreement with experimental measurements, and greater predictive power than the quantum chemical based quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) model. Further, the relationship of α and ∑ σ o,m,p + for PCDDs congeners, together with highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) distribution, were used to validate the aromatic meta–substituent grouping method. This newly developed model features a combination of good predictability of quantum chemical based QSAR model and simplicity of Hammett relationship, showing a great potential for fast and computational tractable prediction of k values for gas–phase OH oxidation of polychlorinated compounds. Highlights A novel aromatic meta–substituent grouping model for k of OH oxidation of PCBs. Polarizability is highly correlated to Hammett constant based on meta–substituents. This model features a combination of good predictability and simplicity. Graphical abstract [DISPLAY OMISSION]


  • 주제어

    Polychlorinated compounds .   Second–order rate constants .   Polarizability .   Hammett constant .   Meta–substituents .   QSAR.  

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