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Electrochemistry communications v.75, 2017년, pp.60 - 63   SCI SCIE
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Electrochemical pressure impedance spectroscopy applied to the study of polymer electrolyte fuel cells

Engebretsen, Erik (Electrochemical Innovation Lab, Department of Chemical Engineering, UCL, London WC1E 7JE, UK ); Mason, Thomas J. (Electrochemical Innovation Lab, Department of Chemical Engineering, UCL, London WC1E 7JE, UK ); Shearing, Paul R. (Electrochemical Innovation Lab, Department of Chemical Engineering, UCL, London WC1E 7JE, UK ); Hinds, Gareth (Electrochemical Innovation Lab, Department of Chemical Engineering, UCL, London WC1E 7JE, UK ); Brett, Dan J.L. (Electrochemical Innovation Lab, Department of Chemical Engineering, UCL, London WC1E 7JE, UK );
  • 초록  

    Abstract The development of novel in-situ diagnostic techniques allows new insight into the internal working of polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) so that improved performance can be realised. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is a widely used characterisation technique that takes advantage of the dynamic relationship between current and voltage to deconvolute critical mechanisms and sources of performance loss occurring with different time constants. Here, we apply electrochemical pressure impedance spectroscopy (EPIS) which examines the transfer function relating reactant gas pressure modulation to the electrical response of the fuel cell. A sinusoidally oscillating perturbation is applied to the cathode backpressure using a loudspeaker arrangement and the resulting voltage perturbation is monitored. It is shown that the technique can be used to separate the explicit effect of water management from reactant starvation when a PEFC is operated under different reactant humidification conditions. Highlights Pneumato-electrochemical impedance spectroscopy applied to a PEFC. PEIS provides extra dimension of information to EIS. PEIS applied at varying inlet gas humidity conditions. Technique separates effects of water management and mass transport limitation. Graphical abstract [DISPLAY OMISSION]


  • 주제어

    Electrochemical pressure impedance spectroscopy .   Polymer electrolyte fuel cell .   Backpressure .   Transfer function analysis .   Water management .   Mass transport limitation.  

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