Bioaugmentation as a strategy for the remediation of pesticide-polluted soil: A review
Abstract Bioaugmentation, a green technology, is defined as the improvement of the degradative capacity of contaminated areas by introducing specific microorganisms, has emerged as the most advantageous method for cleaning-up soil contaminated with pesticides. The present review discusses the selection of pesticide-utilising microorganisms from various sources, their potential for the degradation of pesticides from different chemical classes in liquid media as well as soil-related case studies in a laboratory, a greenhouse and field conditions. The paper is focused on the microbial degradation of the most common pesticides that have been used for many years such as organochlorinated and organophosphorus pesticides, triazines, pyrethroids, carbamate, chloroacetamide, benzimidazole and derivatives of phenoxyacetic acid. Special attention is paid to bacterial strains from the genera Alcaligenes , Arthrobacter , Bacillus , Brucella , Burkholderia , Catellibacterium, Pichia , Pseudomonas , Rhodococcus , Serratia , Sphingomonas , Stenotrophomonas, Streptomyces and Verticillum , which have potential applications in the bioremediation of pesticide-contaminated soils using bioaugmentation technology. Since many factors strongly influence the success of bioaugmentation, selected abiotic and biotic factors such as pH, temperature, type of soil, pesticide concentration, content of water and organic matter, additional carbon and nitrogen sources, inoculum size, interactions between the introduced strains and autochthonous microorganisms as well as the survival of inoculants were presented. Highlights Concept of bioaugmentation of pesticide-polluted soils is presented. The degradative potential of pesticide-degrading microorganisms is characterised. Case studies on bioaugmentation of soils contaminated with different pesticides are described. Factors affecting bioaugmentation of pesticide-polluted soils are discussed.
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- DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.12.129
- Elsevier : 저널> 권호 > 논문
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