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Chemosphere v.172, 2017년, pp.225 - 233   SCI SCIE SCOPUS
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Investigation of ozone and peroxone impacts on natural organic matter character and biofiltration performance using fluorescence spectroscopy

Peleato, Nicolás M. (Department of Civil Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, M5S 1A4, Canada ) ; Sidhu, Balsher Singh (Department of Civil Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, M5S 1A4, Canada ) ; Legge, Raymond L. (Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, N2L 3G1, Canada ) ; Andrews, Robert C. (Department of Civil Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, M5S 1A4, Canada ) ;
  • 초록  

    Abstract Impacts of ozonation alone as well as an advanced oxidation process of ozone plus hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 + O 3 ) on organic matter prior to and following biofiltration were studied at pilot-scale. Three biofilters were operated in parallel to assess the effects of varying pre-treatment types and dosages. Conventionally treated water (coagulation/flocculation/sedimentation) was fed to one control biofilter, while the remaining two received water with varying applied doses of O 3 or H 2 O 2 + O 3 . Changes in organic matter were characterized using parallel factors analysis (PARAFAC) and fluorescence peak shifts. Intensities of all PARAFAC components were reduced by pre-oxidation, however, individual humic-like components were observed to be impacted to varying degrees upon exposure to O 3 or H 2 O 2 + O 3 . While the control biofilter uniformly reduced fluorescence of all PARAFAC components, three of the humic-like components were produced by biofiltration only when pre-oxidation was applied. A fluorescence red shift, which occurred with the application of O 3 or H 2 O 2 + O 3 , was attributed to a relative increase in carbonyl-containing components based on previously reported results. A subsequent blue shift in fluorescence caused by biofiltration which received pre-oxidized water indicated that biological treatment readily utilized organics produced by pre-oxidation. The results provide an understanding as to the impacts of organic matter character and pre-oxidation on biofiltration efficiency for organic matter removal. Highlights Five identified fluorescence components cross-referenced with database. Distinct impacts on fluorescence components from ozone or AOP. Biofilters receiving pre-oxidized water produced humic-like components. Carbonyl-containing organics resulting from oxidation utilized by biofilters. Overall improved fluorophore removal from AOP with biofiltration.


  • 주제어

    Natural organic matter .   Fluorescence spectroscopy .   Biofiltration .   Ozonation .   Advanced oxidation processes .   Drinking water treatment.  

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