Bioleaching of manganese by Aspergillus sp. isolated from mining deposits
Abstract A comprehensive study on fungus assisted bioleaching of manganese (Mn) was carried out to demonstrate Mn solubilization of collected low grade ore from mining deposits of Sanindipur, Odisha, India. A native fungal strain MSF 5 was isolated and identified as Aspergillus sp. by Inter Transcribed Spacer (ITS) sequencing. The identified strain revealed an elevated tolerance ability to Mn under varying optimizing conditions like initial pH (2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7), carbon sources (dextrose, sucrose, fructose and glucose) and pulp density (2%, 3%, 4%, 5% and 6%). Bioleaching studies carried out under optimized conditions of 2% pulp density of Mn ore at pH 6, temperature 37 °C and carbon dosage (dextrose) resulted with 79% Mn recovery from the ore sample within 20 days. SEM-EDX characterization of the ore sample and leach residue was carried out and the micrographs demonstrated porous and coagulated precipitates scattered across the matrix. The corresponding approach of FTIR analysis regulating the Mn oxide formation shows a distinctive peak of mycelium cells with and without treated Mn, resulting with generalized vibrations like MnO x stretching and CH 2 stretch. Thus, our investigation endeavors’ the considerate possible mechanism involved in fungal surface cells onto Mn ore illustrating an alteration in cellular Mn interaction. Highlights Elucidates the mechanism of manganese bioleaching by Aspergillus oryzae and the comprehensive factors that emphasize the selection of recovery technique. Includes the understanding of alteration of fungal protein expression in response to Mn bioleaching. Encompasses the elemental and mineralogical studies of the ore sample carried out via microscopic and spectroscopic analysis.
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- DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.12.136
- Elsevier : 저널> 권호 > 논문
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