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Journal of electroanalytical chemistry v.785, 2017년, pp.229 - 234   SCI SCIE
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Electrochemical reduction of CO2 into CO in N-methyl pyrrolidone/tetrabutylammonium perchlorate in two-compartment electrolysis cell

Li, Qing-yuan (State Key Laboratory of Complex Nonferrous Metal Resources Clean Utilization, College of Metallurgy and Energy Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, 121 Street, Wenchang Road 68, Kunming 650093, China ); Shi, Feng (Department of Electrical Engineering and Renewable Energy Engineering, Oregon Institute of Technology, 3201 Campus Drive, Klamath Falls, OR 97601, USA ); Shen, Feng-xia (State Key Laboratory of Complex Nonferrous Metal Resources Clean Utilization, College of Metallurgy and Energy Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, 121 Street, Wenchang Road 68, Kunming 650093, China ); Jia, You-jian (State Key Laboratory of Complex Nonferrous Metal Resources Clean Utilization, College of Metallurgy and Energy Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, 121 Street, Wenchang Road 68, Kunming 650093, China ); Song, Ning (State Key Laboratory of Complex Nonferrous Metal Resources Clean Utilization, College of Metallurgy and Energy Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, 121 S ); Hu, Yu-qi ( ); Dai, Yong-nian ( ); Shi, Jin ( );
  • 초록  

    Abstract A two-compartment electrolysis cell has been designed for carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) electro-reduction into carbon monoxide (CO) in organic electrolyte. This electrolysis cell is separated into two compartments by an ion-exchange membrane (Nafion 117). CO 2 -saturated organic electrolyte has been used as the catholyte, and 0.1M H 2 SO 4 aqueous solution has been used as the anolyte. The proton and electron required for CO 2 reduction are provided by the electrochemical splitting of water at the anode. The commonly used organic solvents such as N -methyl pyrrolidone (NMP), acetonitrile (AN), propylene carbonate (PC), N , N -dimethylformamide (DMF) and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) have been used as the medium to prepare tetrabutylammonium perchlorate (TBAP)/organic solvent electrolyte. Among these solvents, NMP is deliberately investigated due to its particular properties such as high solubility of CO 2 , low toxicity, large negative electrochemical window and low volatility. Our experiment results show that CO 2 can be reduced into CO in NMP/TBAP solution. The cathodic current density reaches 6.6mA/cm 2 at −2.4V (vs ferrocene/ferrocenium). The highest current efficiency reaches 93%. During the long term electrolysis process, no deactivation has been found on the surface of Au electrode, indicating that the NMP/TBAP solution advantageously prevented poisoning of the cathode for CO 2 reduction.


  • 주제어

    Carbon dioxide .   Electrochemical reduction .   Organic electrolyte .   Two-compartment electrolysis cell .   Electric energy storage.  

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