Higher order derivative voltammetry for reversible and irreversible electrode processes under spherical diffusion
Abstract Theoretical expressions for the first, second and third derivatives of voltammetric curves are analytically derived for reversible, quasi-reversible, and irreversible processes under spherical diffusion. The shapes of the curves are analyzed n terms of peak-potentials, peak-currents, and peak-widths, and the differences and ratios among them. The results obtained with spherical electrodes are compared with those with the planar electrodes, which exhibits striking differences between two electrodes. Derived parameters – such as ratios of peak-currents ( i p a /i p c ), and ratios of half-peak-widths ( W ½ a /W ½ c ), and ratios of the differences in peak potentials ( ΔE p a /ΔE p c ), for various derivatives are analyzed. As electrode sphericity increases, these ratios ( i. e ., measures of symmetry in the curves) for a quasi-reversible and irreversible electron transfer process approaches to one, which is the same as that for a simple reversible electrode process on a planar electrode. Namely, the asymmetry which was exhibited on planar electrodes for quasi and irreversible processes disappears on a spherical electrode. This suggests that the planar electrode is better suited for kinetic study of slower electron transfer than spherical electrodes for this derivative approach. Highlights Analytical expressions for current-potential-time under spherical diffusion and its higher derivatives are obtained. The derivatives are plotted to find out how the heterogeneous kinetics influences the symmetry in various peaks observed. The symmetry is analyzed in terms of ratios of peak-heights, half-peak-widths, and peak potentials differences. The results are compared between planar and spherical electrodes to find striking differences between them.
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