Transcription factor E74A affects the ecdysone titer by regulating the expression of the EO gene in the silkworm, Bomby mori
Abstract The formation of ecdysone pulse in insects is synergistically controlled by its biosynthesis and degradation. Previous studies have revealed the feedback regulation of the prothoracic gland (PG) activity to affect the hormone synthesis. However, the molecular regulatory mechanism of the ecdysone degradation is still unclear. In this study, we showed that ecdysone oxidase (EO) gene encoding a hormone metabolism enzyme was also induced by hormone itself in the domestic silkworm, Bombyx mori . Furthermore, luciferase reporter, chromatin immunoprecipitation and electrophoretic mobility shift assays showed that ecdysone inducible transcription factor E74A could bind to the cis -regulatory elements of the EO gene. Then, down-regulating the expression of the E74A by RNA interference (RNAi) decreased the expression of the EO gene and caused a higher ecdysone titer compared with the control. Thus, our results demonstrated a new feedback regulation degradation (EO) pathway controlled by ecdysone itself through transcription factor E74A, expanding the knowledge about the regulatory system that determines the formation of ecdysone pulse. Highlights Ecdysone induce the expression of EO gene in the domesticated silkworm; Ecdysone inducible transcription factor E74A could bind to the cis-regulatory elements of the EO gene; A new feedback regulation degradation (EO) pathway is controlled by ecdysone itself through transcription factor E74A
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