Drug safety and adverse drug reaction reporting behavior related to outpatient opioid replacement therapy: Results from a survey among physicians
To study drug safety and the reporting behavior of adverse drug reactions (ADR) related to agents used for opioid replacement therapy (ORT) we conducted a cross-sectional questionnaire-based telephone survey among physicians who provide outpatient ORT in Germany (n=176; response rate=55.7%). Most respondents (n=97/55.1%) reported that they observe ADR related to buprenorphine, (dihydro)codeine, and (levo)methdone rarely (n=38/21.6%), very rarely (n=39/22.2%) or never (n=20/11.4%). Methadone was reported to be most frequently associated with the occurrence of ADR (n=82/46.6%), followed by levomethadone (n=33/18.8%), buprenorphine (n=6/3.4%), and dihydrocodeine (n=3/1.7%). Frequently observed ADR related to these agents were gastrointestinal, nervous system/psychiatric disorders, and hyperhidrosis. Methadone and levomethadone (not buprenorphine) were frequently associated with fatigue, weight gain, and sexual dysfunction. Hundred twenty nine participants (73.3%) stated that they never report ADR related to ORT; n=19 (10.8%) did so when referring to ADR related to their complete medical practice (X 2 = 141.070; df=1; p
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