Digit ratio (2D:4D) and month of birth: A link to the solstitial-melatonin-testosterone effect
Background: Digit ratio (2D:4D) is a sexually dimorphic trait and its determination in utero is influenced by testosterone. The solstitial-melatonin-testosterone hypothesis posits that melatonin inhibits the production of foetal testosterone and melatonin levels are at their lowest in months when light levels are high. Aims: We test the relationship between 2D:4D, month-of-birth and light levels. Study design: We recruited participants whose year of birth was spread across the 20th Century. Subjects: 323 Polish men and women. Outcome measures: Finger lengths, month-of-birth, mean daylight hours per month in and around Poznan, Poland. Results: Our sample was born between 1907 and 1997. In comparison to late-Spring births, late-Autumn births had low right-left 2D:4D (high prenatal testosterone). Regarding light levels, there were significant relationships between low right 2D:4D and right-left 2D:4D (high prenatal testosterone) and long days at the end of the 1st trimester. These relationships were strongest for participants born in the first half of the 20th Century. Conclusions: Participants born in the late-Autumn and who experienced long days in the 2nd and 3rd prenatal months had low 2D:4D. The effects were strongest for early 20th Century births where photoperiods would be less disrupted by artificial light.
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- DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2016.11.005
- Elsevier : 저널 > 논문
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