Particle Learning Framework for Estimating the Remaining Useful Life of Lithium-Ion Batteries
As an important part of prognostics and health management, accurate remaining useful life (RUL) prediction for lithium (Li)-ion batteries can provide helpful reference for when to maintain the batteries in advance. This paper presents a novel method to predict the RUL of Li-ion batteries. This method is based on the framework of improved particle learning (PL). The PL framework can prevent particle degeneracy by resampling state particles first with considering the current measurement information and then propagating them. Meanwhile, PL is improved by adjusting the number of particles at each iteration adaptively to reduce the running time of the algorithm, which makes it suitable for online application. Furthermore, the kernel smoothing algorithm is fused into PL to keep the variance of parameter particles invariant during recursive propagation with the battery prediction model. This entire method is referred to as PLKS in this paper. The model can then be updated by the proposed method when new measurements are obtained. Future capacities are iteratively predicted with the updated prediction model until the predefined threshold value is triggered. The RUL is calculated according to these predicted capacities and the predefined threshold value. A series of case studies that demonstrate the proposed method is presented in the experiment.